Pediatric Vision Care
What Is Special about Children’s Vision ?
Vision in the broadest sense, is the global ability of the brain to extract, process and act on information presented to the eye. This complex process can be thought of as three major but related areas: visual acuity, which is largely dependent upon refractive status and eye health; visual efficiency skills, representing eye focusing, teaming, and tracking skills; and visual information processing, representing the ability to recognize and discriminate visual stimuli and to interpret them correctly based upon previous experience. We keep this in mind with every examination we provide for children, regardless of the child’s age.
Parents and Their Children’s Health
Eye health and vision are one of the top health issues parents are concerned with when it comes to their child’s health. Vision is is very important to the development and education of a child. Parents must be extra-vigilant because a child may not realize that his or her vision is not normal.
Warning Signs and Risks for Vision Problems in Children are:
- Squinting, closing, or covering one eye
- Constantly holding materials close to face
- Tilting the head to one side
- Rubbing eyes repeatedly
- One or both eyes turn in or out
- Redness or tearing in eyes
- Premature birth
- Developmental delays
- Family history of “lazy eye” or “thick glasses”
- A disease that affects the whole body (such as diabetes, sickle cell, or HIV)
If your child shows any of these symptoms, call our office to schedule a comprehensive eye exam. For more information on pediatric vision care, visit our other pages and links.
Eye Examinations for Infants, Toddlers and School-aged Children
A comprehensive eye examination will assess visual acuity, refractive status, ocular health, eye tracking, eye focusing, and eye teaming. Visual acuity measures how clearly a child sees objects. Refractive status measures for nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. The child is evaluated for any eye health problems, including active pathology or congenital anomalies. Eye tracking is the ability of the eyes to fixate, smoothly follow and look between objects or printed words. Eye focusing is the ability to efficiently change and sustain focus while reading. Eye teaming is the ability to coordinate both eyes accurately and without fatigue or excessive effort. Accurate eye teaming is also important for accurate two-eyed depth perception or stereopsis.